Home' Hastings Mail : May 4th 2011 Contents 11
HASTINGS MAIL, MAY 4, 2011
10 year warranty
QUEEN $1999 $1099
KING $2199 $1349
Other sizes available
Head board / Bedside not included
Needing more space
on floor stock
A look at Clive’s European history
Last century: Main St, in Clive, circa 1904.
Below, the memorial cenotaph in Napier.
An amateur historian is writing what he
says is the first comprehensive account of
170 years of European history at Clive.
Gary Baines is the guest speaker the
Landmarks History Group’s next meeting
at Hastings Library on May 9.
Mr Baines, a resident of Clive for 30
years, has spent the past year collating
information for his as-yet untitled history
of the township, which he intends to pub-
lish before Christmas.
Mr Baines has collected at least 500 his-
toric photographs and written 500 pages for
the book, which is being proofread and pre-
pared for publication by Hawke’s Bay
author, Judy Siers.
‘‘I shifted to Clive thirty years ago and
being the person that I am, I wanted to
know something about Clive’s history,’’ says
‘‘I found out that in 170 years of
European history in the area, nobody had
been game enough to have a crack at
writing it down – until now.’’
Mr Baines’ speech to Landmarks group,
starting at 5.30pm next Monday at the
library (gold coin entry, will focus on
But when complete, Baines’ book will
cover the township’s history from 1839 to
2010, including the history of the 14 pa and
kianga sites in the area, and the Maori
battles that waged at Clive until 1858,
including chief Te Moananui’s defeat of Te
Hapuku, who was forced to retreat to Te
Mr Baines is seeking donations to help
get his book published. All sale proceeds
will be donated to the Clive community. Mr
Baines can be contacted on 870 0738.
A brief, early history of Clive
- Known in Maori as Waipureku, the Meet-
ing of the Waters, East Clive was
earmarked to become a provincial capital in
‘‘Hastings was not even thought of in the
1850s and Napier was a hopeless spot for a
town, surrounded by sea on one side and
swamp on the other, with no fresh water
and no wood,’’ says Mr Baines.
Clive was an important river port for
ships carrying wool to England. But the
flood of 1867, the first bridge across the
Clive River in 1867, and construction of the
railway line in 1874 saw people begin to
drift away, before the big flood of 1897
finally sealed Clive’s fate as a township.
The town was named after the Lord
Robert Clive, founder of the British Empire
in India. Mr Baines says Clive was later
forced to fight corruption charges, and was
an opium-addict and manic depressive who
stabbed himself to death with a pen knife in
Clive’s beginnings were in 1839 when
Englishman Barney Rhodes bought a
30-kilometre wide strip of the east coast
stretching from Mahia in the north to Cas-
tle Point in Wairarapa to the south –
around 1.4 million acres – for £158. How-
ever, following the signing of the Treaty of
Waitangi and protests from the church,
Rhodes’ land was reclaimed.
Rhodes was compensated with the site
at East Clive, as well as 100,000 acres of
land at Rissington and 4500 acres at Clive
Grange, now Haumoana.
Joseph Rhodes, a younger brother of
Barney, is credited as the founding father
of Clive. He took over his brother’s lands,
before subdividimg East Clive around 1854
or 1855, and commissioning the first map of
the township in 1857. He also built the first
homestead at Clive Grange in the 1860s.
The first flat platform ‘‘punt ferry’’,
pulled by ropes, started operating at East
Clive in 1855.
A racecourse was built in 1855 by
Thomas Tanner, who later established the
first settlement at Hastings. A pavilion to
hold 250 people was added in 1877.
‘‘Can you imagine the scene with waka
pulled up to the river, the European ladies
in their finery, horses, hotels, and guns and
spears? Amazing,’’ says Mr Baines. The
racecourse shut in 1881.
– Clive’s first school is opened in 1859 in
Bell St East, but later moved to School Rd
– The first bridge across the Clive River
bridge is built in 1867.
– Farndon Park Reserve, a 20-acre block
of land, was bought by the government in
1870 for £210 to be developed as a botanical
Farndon Railway station was built in
1874. Its name was changed to Clive Rail-
way Station in 1915. It was demolished in
The flood of 1897 caused widespread dev-
astation in Clive.
Nine men from Napier drowned while
attempting to rescue people from the
Mr Baines discovered that the memorial
cenotaph dedicated to the men – located
opposite Ocean Spa in Napier and erected
in 1900 – contains a sealed, glass time cap-
Inside is a document describing the
disaster, and the Flood Fund balance sheet.
Links Archive May 18th 2011 Navigation Previous Page Next Page